Genealogical Dictionary

The Genealogical Dictionary on this page gives you the English translation of Danish terms for most family relationships, as well as some of the words you will encounter most frequently in genealogical sources.

 

In Danish

In English

Aftægtsmand

Man, cared for by people who took over his farm or house.

Aftægtskone

Woman, cared for by people who took over her farm or house.

Almisselem

Pauper

Arbeider

Worker (fem. arbeiderske)

Barn

Child

Bedstefader

Grandfather

Bedstemoder

Grandmother

Begravelse

Burial

Bettler

Beggar

Broder (bror)

Brother (pl. brødre)

Brud

Bride

Brudgom

Bridegroom

Borgerlig

Civil (e.g. marriage)

Bonde

Peasant, farmer

Børn

Children

Copulerede

Married (also heading for weddings)

Dagleier (daglejer)

Day-labourer (fem: dagleierske)

Datter

Daughter (pl: døtre)

Dreng

Boy (pl: drenge)

Dåb (Daab)

Baptism

Døde

Deceased, died

Enke

Widow

Enkemand

Widower

Fadder

Sponsor at baptism

Fader, Far

Father (pl.fædre)

Farbroder

Uncle (father's brother)

Farfader

Paternal grandfather

Farmoder

Paternal grandmother

Faster

Aunt (father's sister)

Fattiglem

Pauper

Forlover

Witness at marriage

Frue

"Mrs." (not used of peasant-women)

Fruentimmer

Woman (often = unmarried mother)

Frøken

"Miss" (not used of peasant-women)

Fæstegårdmand

Copyholder, farmer

Fæstehusmand

Copyholder, smallholder

Fætter

Male cousin

Fødested

Place of birth

Født

Born (birth)

Gårdmand

Farmer (also = copyholder)

Gudmoder

Godmother

Husmand

Smallholder

Hustru

Wife, married woman. Another word is "Kone".

Husfolk

Smallholders (about a couple)

Inderste

"Tenant"

Indsidder

"Tenant"

Jordløs husmand

Smallholder (without land of his own)

Jomfru

"Maiden" (lit: "virgin") (not used of peasant-women)

Karl

Farmhand

Kirke

Church

Kone

Wife, married woman. Another word is "Hustru".

Konfirmation

Confirmation

Kusine

Female cousin

Mand

Man, husband (pl: mænd)

Moder

Mother (pl: mødre)

Morbroder

Uncle (mother´s brother)

Morfader

Maternal grandfather

Mormoder

Maternal grandmother

Moster

Aunt (mother's sister)

Nevø

Nephew

Niece

Niece

Oldefader

Great-grandfather

Oldemoder

Great-grandmother

Opholdssted

Place of residence

Pige

Girl, maid. Unmarried woman

Quinde

Woman (sometimes = wife)

Svigerinde

Sister-in-law (also: svogerske)

Svoger

Brother-in-law (also ="male relative")

Svogerske

Sister-in-law (also: svigerinde)

Søn

Son

Søster

Sister

Tjenende

Serves (followed by employers name)

Tjenestekarl

Farm hand

Tjenestepige

Maid

Ugift

Unmarried

Uægte

Illegitimate

Ægteskab

Marriage

Ægteviede

Married